Saturday, April 1, 2017

Learn Russian Alphabet With English Transcription and Pronunciation

In this lesson you'll get acquainted with the Russian alphabet. After you learn all Russian letters and some pronunciation rules, you'll be able to understand Russian words simply reading them letter-by-letter. 




The Russian alphabet Азбука (Azbooka) сontains 33 letters: 10 vowels, 21 consonants, and 2 signs. The capital and the lower case of most Russian letters look alike in their printed form. 

Russian sounds are less energetic than English ones and the articulation of Russian-speakers is more relaxed. Spelling and pronunciation are much closer in Russian than in English. 


Note, that English transcription presented in this table is highly coditional. Russian sounds are not full equivalents for English ones. I always recommend beginners to listen carefully to the difference between Russian and English sounds and compare them.  Don't try to read Russian words in English way. Actually, Russian is not English :)


Printed Letter
Hand-written
Name in English
Name of Letter in Russian
English
Transliteration
Sound in Russian
Similar English Sound

А а
А а
ah
А

А а
[А]
Like "a" in car

Б б
Б б
beh

БЭ

B b

[Б]

Like "b" in bat
В в

В в

veh

ВЭ

V v

[В]

Like "v" in van
Г г
Г г
geh
ГЭ
G g

[Г]
Like "g" in go
Д д
Д д
deh
ДЭ
D d

[Д]
Like "d" in dog
Е е
Е е
yeh

ЙЭ

YE ye

[ЙЭ]

Like "ye" in yet
Ё ё
Ё ё
yo

ЙО

YO yo

[ЙО]

Like "yo" in yonder

Ж ж
Ж ж
zheh
ЖЭ
Zh zh
[Ж]
Like "s" in measure

З з
З з
zeh

ЗЭ

Z z

[З]

Like "z" in zoo
И и
И и
ee

И

EE ee

[И]

Like "ee" in see
Й й
Й й
ee kratkoyeh
И краткое

I i or Y y
[Й]
Like "y" in boy or toy

К к
К к
kah
КА
K k
[К]
Like "k" in kitten, "c" in cat.

Л л

Л л

ehli
ЭЛЬ
L l
[Л]
Like "l" in light
М м
М м
ehm

ЭМ

M m

[М]

Like "m" in mat

Н н
Н н
ehn

ЭН

N n

[Н]

Like "n" in no
О о
О о
“oh”
О
O o
[О]
Like "o" in bore

П п

П п

peh
ПЭ
P p
[П]
Like "p" in pot
Р р
Р р
ehr
ЭР
R r

[Р]
Like Scottish "r" in run, rolled
С с

С с

ehs
ЭС
S s
[С]
Like "s" in sam
Т т
Т т

teh
ТЭ
T t
[Т]
Like "t" in tap
У у

У у

oo

У

U u

[У]

Like "oo" in boot
Ф ф

Ф ф

ehf
ЭФ
F f
[Ф]
Like "f" in fat
Х х
Х х
“hah”
ХА
H h

[Х]
Like "h" in hello
Ц ц
Ц ц
tseh

ЦЭ

TS ts

[Ц]

Like "ts" in bits
Ч ч

Ч ч

cheh
ЧЭ
CH ch
[Ч]
Like "ch" in chip
Ш ш

Ш ш

shah
ША
SH sh - hard
[Ш]
Like "sh" in shut
Щ щ

Щ щ

schyah
ЩА
SH sh - soft
[Щ]
Like "sh" in sheep, but softer
 ъ

 ъ

tvyordiy znahk
Твёрдый знак

Hard Sign
no
sound
Letter before ъ is hard
 ы
 ы
i

Ы

I i

[Ы]

Like "i" in ill, but more open
 ь
 ь
myagkeey znahk

Мягкий знак

Soft Sign
no
sound
Letter before ь is soft
Э э
Э э
eh

Э

E e

[Э]

Like "e" in pet
Ю ю
Ю ю
yoo

ЙУ


YU yu
[ЙУ]

Like "u" in use or university
Я я
Я я
yah

ЙА

YA ya

[ЙА]

Like "ya" in yandex
***

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