Wednesday, April 19, 2017

How to Tell Time in Russian. Level A1-A2

In this lesson, we're going to learn how to tell time in Russian.






Periods of the Day

У́тро (n.)  - morning


День (m.) – day, afternoon


Ве́чер (m.) - evening


Ночь (f.)  - night


По́лдень (m.) - midday


По́лночь (f.)  - midnight


Обе́д (m.)  – lunch


В тече́ние дня - During the Day
 


Когда́? – When?

У́тром - in the morning


Днём – in the afternoon


Ве́чером – in the evening


Но́чью - at night


В по́лдень – at midday


В по́лночь - at midnight


В обе́д
–  at lunch


По́сле обе́да – after lunch



***

сейча́с [сич
а́с] / [щас] – at the moment, now

сего́дня [сив
о́дня] - today

за́втра - tomorrow


вчера́ - yesterday

 



Вре́мя - Time

вре́мя (n.)  - time


час (m.) – hour


сейча́с – at the moment, now


мину́та (f.)  - minute


секу́нда (f.)  – second


су́тки (pl.)  – 24 hours


полчаса́ – half an hour


полтора́ ча́са – an hour and a half


че́тверть ча́са – a quarter of an hour


почти́ - almost


ро́вно - exactly


***


часы́ [чис
ы́] (pl.)  - clock

нару́чные часы́ (pl.)   - watch


буди́льник (m.)  – alarm clock

 

How to ask for the time in Russian

Ско́лько (сейча́с) вре́мени? What time is it now?
 

Кото́рый час? What’s the time?

We can also ask for the time more politely. 

Скажи́те, пожа́луйста, кото́рый час? – Please tell me what time is it?

Извини́те, ско́лько вре́мени? – Excuse me, what’s the time?

Не подска́жете, кото́рый час? - Could you tell me the time?





How to respond the question about time
 

The easiest way to answer the question about time in Russian is to say the hour or the hour plus the minutes, e.g. ‘nine’, ‘nine thirty’. 

If the minutes are less than ten, we say ноль (m.) in the middle. You can add the words у́тра, дня, ве́чера, но́чи (Genitive Case of у́тро, день, ве́чер, ночь) to indicate the part of the day.
 

Приме́р - Example

Кото́рый час?
 

13.00
Сейча́с час. 



12.00
Сейча́с ро́вно двена́дцать.

When we say one o’clock we don’t use the number оди́н before the word час.

09.00
Де́вять (у́тра)
 

21.00
Де́вять (ве́чера)
 

13.05
Трина́дцать ноль пять
 

10.15
Де́сять пятна́дцать
 

21.30
Де́вять три́дцать
 

22.45
Де́сять со́рок пять
 

11.59
Одиннадцать пятьдесят девять.
или
Сейчас почти́ двена́дцать.  



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