Monday, May 1, 2017

Russian Vocabulary. People and Their Jobs. Level A1

In this lesson we're going to talk about people and their jobs. Watch  my video lesson in Russian and try to understand as more as you can. Find the lesson script with vocabulary and English guidelines below. 

Профе́ссия – Profession. Job
е́ссии – Professions. Jobs

Э́то до́ктор. До́ктор.

This is a doctor. 

!!! Note, in Russian we don’t use articles (a/an) and auxiliary verbs (am, is, are) before the name of profession. 


Кто э́то? Э́то до́ктор.

Who is this? This is a doctor.

Кто э́то? Э́то учи́тель. Учи́тель.
Who is this? This is a teacher.

Я то́же учи́тель.
I’m a teacher too.

Кто э́то? Э́то ме́неджер. Ме́неджер.
Who is this? This is a manager.

Кто э́то? Э́то секрета́рь. Секрета́рь.
Who is this? This is a secretary.

Кто э́то? Э́то архите́ктор. Архите́ктор.
Who is this? This is an architect.

Кто э́то? Э́то дире́ктор. Дире́ктор.
Who is this? This is a boss.

Кто э́то? Э́то ветерина́р. Ветерина́р.
Who is this? This is a vet.

Кто э́то? Э́то соба́ка. Соба́ка.
Who is this? This is a dog.

Э́то ветерина́р, а э́то соба́ка.
This is a vet, and this is a dog.

Кто э́то? Э́то полице́йский. Полице́йский.
Who is this? This is a policeman.

Кто э́то? Э́то такси́ст. Такси́ст.
Who is this? This is a taxi driver.

Кто э́то? Э́то строи́тель. Строи́тель.
Who is this? This is a builder.

Кто э́то? Э́то официа́нтка. Официа́нтка.
Who is this? This is a waitress.

Кто э́то? Э́то медсестра́. Медсестра́.
Who is this? This is a nurse.

Кто э́то? Э́то актёр. Актёр.
Who is this? This is an actor.

Кто э́то? Э́то фе́рмер. Фе́рмер.
Who is this? This is a farmer.

Кто э́то? Э́то музыка́нт. Музыка́нт.
Who is this? This is a musician.

Кто э́то? Э́то стили́ст. Стили́ст. 
Who is this? This is a stylist. 

Кто э́то? Э́то спортсме́н. Спортсме́н.  

Who is this? This is a sportsman.
Э́тот спортсме́н – футболи́ст.  

This sportsman is a footballer. 
Э́то спортсме́н и футболи́ст.

This is a sportsman and footballer.

Кто э́то? Э́то почтальо́н. Почтальо́н.
Who is this? This is a postman.
Кто э́то? Э́то убо́рщица. Убо́рщица.
Who is this? This is a cleaner.

Кто э́то? Э́то стюарде́сса. Стюарде́сса.
Who is this? This is a flight attendant.

Кто э́то? Э́то фото́граф. Фото́граф.
Who is this? This is a photographer.

Кто э́то? Э́то меха́ник. Меха́ник.
Who is this? This is a mechanic.

Кто э́то? Э́то портье́. Портье́.
Who is this? This is a porter.

Кто э́то? Э́то пило́т. Пило́т.
Who is this? This is a pilot.

Кто э́то? Э́то пе́карь. Пе́карь.
Who is this? This is a baker.

Кто э́то? Э́то певи́ца. Певи́ца.
Who is this? This is a female singer.

Кто э́то? Э́то по́вар. По́вар.
Who is this? This is a cook.

Кто э́то? Э́то худо́жник. Худо́жник.
Who is this? This is an artist.

Кто э́то? Э́то пожа́рник. Пожа́рник.
Who is this? This is a firefighter.

А э́то кто? Кто э́то? Э́то кло́ун. Кло́ун.
And who is this? This is a clown.

Male and female jobs

As a rule, the names of jobs in Russian have the same gender for men and women.

Он ме́неджер. Она́ ме́неджер.
He is a manager. She is a manager.

Он по́вар. Она́ по́вар.
He is a cook. She is a cook.

However, there are situations when we have to use a special word for male or female profession or occupation.

Наприме́р. For example

Он актёр. Она́ актри́са.
He is an actor. She is an actress.

Он учи́тель. Она́ учи́тельница.
He/she is a teacher.

Он спортсме́н. Она́ спортсме́нка.
He is a sportsman. She is a sportswoman.

Он журнали́ст. Она́ журнали́стка.
He/she is a journalist.

Он официа́нт. Она официа́нтка.
He is a waiter. She is a waitress.

Он студе́нт. Она́ студе́нтка.
He/she is a student.

How to ask about someone’s profession

Кто вы?Who are you? What do you do?
Я учи́тель. I’m a teacher.

Кто он? – Who is he?
Он ме́неджер. – He is a manager.

Кто она́? – Who is she?
Она актриса. - She is an actress. 

Кто вы по профе́ссии?What’s your job?
Я программи́ст. – I’m a programmer. 

А кто Вы по профессии? Напишите в комментариях :)
What's your job? Write in comments :)

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